'Crimson King' is one of the most popular varieties; it features very attractive maroon leaves throughout the growing season, but the fall color is unremarkable, turning a grayish color. Note that the Norway Maple leaf has more points than the Sugar Maple leaf. Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. The information contained here has been taken from “Trees in Canada” (Canadian Forest Service/NRCAN) and “Native Trees of Canada” by Tom Farrar. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage more closely resembles that of the hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). Sugar Maple is one of Toronto’s best-loved trees. Acer glabrum (Douglas or Rocky Mountain maple). The fall colours are due to the production of pigments called anthocyanins (responsible for the red colours) and/or the presence of carotenoids (orange and yellow) in the leaves after the green chlorophyll breaks down. While most maple leaves are single-bladed, with three to nine pointed lobes, the Manitoba maple (Acer negundo) has compound leaves, with three to nine leaflets arranged along a central stalk. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. There are approximately 128 species, most of which are native to Asia, with a number also appearing in Europe, northern Africa, and North America.Only one species, Acer laurinum, extends to the Southern Hemisphere. A Japanese maple can be a focal point in many different types of garden designs. Forest understory, hillsides and stream edges; Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland, south to northeastern US. The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. The Freeman’s maple is a hybrid variety with gorgeous colorful foliage that reveals itself at the turn of the season in the fall. Male
Once established, it will have some drought resistance. The Arboretum conducts its own research as well as provides a site for others to do research projects. The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. Golden full moon maple Acer japonicum 'Aureum' 3m tall: zone 6: Rounded yellow leaves add a bright contrast to the garden. Suitable zones for planting: 5-8 While all maple tree sap contains sugar, the sap of the sugar maple has the highest concentration. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. The leaves are medium-green in color with three or five lobes; the foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Slow growing; prefers a sheltered site. The causal factors are Verticillium albo-atrum or Verticillium dahliae, which are fungi found in the soil.This is a common and serious problem that can even kill established trees. Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. Douglas maple leaves have three to five lobes and their maple keys are paired in a V-shape. Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; leaves have seven to nine lobes, and turn bright red or golden in the fall; white flowers grow in small clusters; maple key wings are wide apart. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. Located five minutes outside of Peterborough, Ontario. Bur oak. (Also naturalized in southern British Columbia and elsewhere in Canada, as well as Europe.). The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. Chokecherry. Streambanks, gravelly slopes and open woods from British Columbia (except northeastern BC) to Alberta foothills and south to the US, mainly from Oregon to Utah. From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in the UK and the Missouri Botanical Garden in the US. Before planting a tree in Southwestern Ontario, consider one of our native species. Sugar Maple is a tree that impresses with its amazing fall color. The sycamore maple is one of the more massive maples, featuring a dense rounded crown. One of the most common maple tree diseases is known as maple wilt. They have flat, scale-like leaves, with small cones. Tall, spreading tree; dark green leaves are very large with five lobes, and turn golden yellow in the fall; yellowish flowers grow in drooping clusters; maple keys are hairy with wings usually angled at about 45°. The giant Comfort Maple of Ontario is one such specimen that serves as a regular tourist draw. There is nothing more Canadian than a Sugar Maple tree, as its leaf is proudly displayed in the centre of our country’s flag. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has several main veins, all extending from the
These native trees are the best choice for tree planting in our area. produce wood with contorted grain patterns – known as “bird’s eye maple” – that is in demand by woodworkers. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. is dispersed by wind. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). There is good evidence that Indigenous peoples of the
In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. wings are angled at about 45°. In a neglected yard, seedlings may quickly spout up and overtake a landscape. Fall color also varies according to variety, ranging from greenish-yellow to red to burgundy. This is especially true when it comes to identifying trees such as oak and maple trees that have lobed leaves. are commonly found in Ontario: sugar, black, red silver, mountain, striped, and two imports, Manitoba and Norway. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. As with many widespread species, this tree carries several regional common names, such as soft maple, creek maple, river maple, white maple, and water maple. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). It’s hard to imagine Canada without a maple tree. Maples grow
These trees are commonly native to North Temperate regions and most of them are popularly cultivated for their attractive foliage and incredible height. It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. Silver Maple. The sure way to tell them apart is that Norway Maple has milky sap. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. As far as can be determined, the tree is both one of … The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. in a range of habitats and at varying altitudes but prefer deep, moist, fertile soils. Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. long. It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. Best of the Best: Maples With Great Fall Color, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs. Eastern Woodlands were the first to develop maple sugaring technologies; when Europeans arrived, the First Nations sold large quantities of maple sugar to the fur trading posts. For many types of leaves, their overall shape and pattern are greatly defined by their margins. 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